What will you do to maintain your oral health? Brushing and flossing! Theses are the regular ways which can keep your teeth bright, white and healthy. Still, you may lack the sparkle in your smile. It is because of the yellow stains on your teeth which is a natural process. Most of us love that sparkling smile which can add more power and confidence to us. So, Teeth Whitening is also necessary which can not only lighten your teeth but also removes plaque and other problems of your teeth instantly.
According to a Survey, 75-90 people want to improve their teeth color compared to other oral treatments. So, you can understand how important is having a Beautiful smile. This is all because smile is the most powerful weapon which you can have to impress anyone. If you want to impress someone with the very first look, then it is the perfect weapon. You may or may not believe this. But, the first thing that the person in front of you notices in you is your face. So, take the chance of impressing them with your smile.
What is Teeth Whitening?
Tooth whitening is nothing but an efficient way of lightening the color of your teeth without losing the tooth surface. Teeth Whitening can not bring about a complete change, but it may lighten the existing shade to make you look better. Teeth Whitening is the popular cosmetic procedure which needs maintenance from time to time.
Is Whitening Safe for My Teeth?
It is the question that haunts everyone who is willing to undergo the treatment. So, here is the answer for it. In simple terms, whitening is safe as the chemicals or ingredients used to remove stains do not affect the structure of teeth. But, we can not say that there are no side effects at all because temporary side effects persist there. The side effects include tooth sensitivity and gum pains. But, no need to worry, your physician will take some precautions to avoid any such temporary issues and minimize your potential for tooth sensitivity.
The bleaching agents used in most of the teeth-whitening products are hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and carbamide peroxide. The Carbamide peroxide is one of the home whitening products as it has longer shelf life and stability. You can use this product for longer periods as it possesses low risk for sensitivity. It can also be left on the teeth for longer periods with less risk of sensitivity. All the Professional bleaching methods comprise of hydrogen peroxide which is a faster-acting bleaching agent. Hydrogen Peroxide can lighten your teeth at least 10 shades in an hour. So, moist of the aspirants prefer these treatments. But, whatever may be the treatment, you should maintain it for long lasting results.
Causes of Teeth Discolouration:
If you are eager to know the causes of teeth discoloration, here’s the simple answer. Just as there are some ways to lighten teeth, there are also several different ways for teeth to become discolored. The leading causes of darkened teeth are genetics, antibiotics, and certain foods, plus teeth tend to darken as we age. There are two types of tooth discoloration. They are Extrinsic and intrinsic. Of them, extrinsic stains are caused by the direct contact with various foods. They include tobacco and foods containing tannins such as red wine, coffee, and tea. You can get stains either by smoking or chewing tobacco. So, avoid it in all the ways. Internal tooth discoloration is caused by changes in the enamel of the tooth and the dentin.
The main causes of internal tooth discoloration are exposure to high levels of fluoride, tetracycline, use of antibiotics as a child, developmental disorders, tooth decay, restorations, root canal issues, and trauma. Intrinsic tooth discoloration can happen with aging as enamel loses its youthful translucency, becoming less porous; this makes the underlying dentin more visible as it thickens and becomes more yellow over time. Intrinsic discoloration is also caused by exposure to excessive fluoride or the antibiotic tetracycline during tooth formation, inherited developmental disorders, and jaundice in childhood. For teeth that have erupted already, the leading causes of intrinsic discoloration are tooth decay, restorations, pulp death (root canal problems) and trauma to developing teeth. It’s possible to have both extrinsic and intrinsic discoloration at the same time.
Other Causes includes the following:
- Disease: There are few diseases which affect enamel and dentin. They lead to discolouration of the teeth. Some kinds of Infections in pregnant mothers can lead to teeth discoloration in the baby.
- Medications: Some medicines including Antihistamines, antidepressants, and high blood pressure drugs can lead to teeth discoloration.
- Age: There is a direct correlation between tooth color and age. Over the years, teeth darken as a result of wear and tear and stain accumulation. Teenagers will likely experience immediate, dramatic results from whitening. In the twenties, as the teeth begin to show a yellow cast, teeth-whitening may require a little more effort. By the forties, the yellow gives way to brown and more maintenance may be called for. By the fifties, the teeth have absorbed a host of stubborn stains which can prove difficult (but not impossible) to remove.
- Starting color: We are all inborn with a teeth color which ranges from yellow-brownish to greenish-grey and intensifies over time. Yellow to brown is more responsive to the bleaching techniques than the green-grey shades.
- Translucency and thinness: The changes in teeth color may be due to genetic traits that become more pronounced with increasing age. All the teeth show some kind of transparency, but those which are opaque and thick have an advantage i.e they appear lighter in color, and exhibit more sparkle and are responsive to bleaching. According to the dentists, transparency is the only condition which cannot be corrected by any form of techniques present in teeth whitening.
- Eating habits: Eating habits also effect your teeth color. The frequent consumption of red wine, coffee, tea, cola, carrots, oranges & other colored beverages causes teeth staining. The acidic foods like citrus fruits and vinegar also contribute to enamel erosion which makes your teeth lose their natural gloss and shine. So,the surface becomes more transparent and results in more of the yellow-colored dentin shows through.
- Smoking habits: Nicotine and nicotine containing products will leave brownish deposits on teeth which slowly gets absorbed into the tooth structure and cause intrinsic discoloration.
- Drugs or chemicals: When pregnant mothers use Tetracycline during tooth formation in the child then it results in dark gray or brown ribbon stains on the newborn which are tough to remove. Excessive consumption of fluoride causes fluorosis and associated areas of white mottling.
- Grinding: Some people have the habit of grinding their teeth when they are subjected to stress. Most frequently caused by stress, teeth grinding (gnashing, bruxing, etc.) can add to micro-cracking in the teeth and can cause the biting edges to darken.
- Trauma: Some serious injuries to teeth may cause cracks. If they are not treated properly, then the crevices will collect debris which may lead to staining.
How Does Teeth Whitening Work?
The Teeth whitening is a simple process which needs constant management. All the Whitening products contain any one of two tooth bleaching agents , i.e., Hydrogen Peroxide or Carbamide peroxide. Both of them can lighten your teeth without damaging enamel (in 98% of the cases).
Teeth Whitening Methods
There are many teeth whitening methods which you can use. But, Not all can give you the same results. So, know all the available options to whiten your teeth.
Professional Teeth Whitening:
Professional treatments are rendered by a certified physician. It involves the use of highly concentrated whitening gels. They are not readily available over the counter because they are less safe if used at home. The Whitening gels mostly contain hydrogen peroxide or carbamide peroxide. These bleaching agents will break down the stains and remove them. After applying them allow them to settle down for 30 minutes to 1 hour. If you have brown stains, this method works great. But bleaching is not useful for gray color tooth, and they need custom bleaching trays. These Professional Teeth Whitening Systems are of two types. They are In Office Whitening Systems and Take Home Whitening Systems.
In-Office Whitening Systems:
As the name indicates, the whole procedure should be held at your physician’s place. There, they will apply a gel to your teeth and leave it on for less than an hour. In some processes heat or laser may be used to increase the bleaching action. The steps included in the In-Office Whitening Systems are
- Pre-Whitening Exam
- Dental Cleaning
- Isolating the teeth
- Applying teeth whitening gels
The common name for power or light accelerated bleaching is laser treatment. Some of the professional teeth whitening systems require light energy to improve the final output. In the laser process, the physician will place a rubber dam on your teeth and then apply the bleaching agent on your teeth. The rubber dam is for protecting your gums. Then, the laser lights will be focused on teeth to activate the bleaching product. The best part of using this laser light is this product can eradicate the nicotine stains. This is the fastest way to whiten your teeth. This dental whitening procedure is repeated over a series of 15-20 minutes until you get a whiter shade. But, this is sure a costly process.
Do not confuse this take home whitening with OTC methods. In this approach, the physician will render the patient with a custom-made mouth tray made of thin, flexible plastic. You should fill this tray with the whitening gel and insert this such that the get touches your teeth. Leave it as such for a prescribed period. The Take Home Whitening Treatments includes
1. Whitening Trays
2. Whitening Rinses
3. Bleaching Gel Strips
Whitening trays are the moulds in which you should fill the Bleaching gels and set it on your teeth. They are comparatively cost effective but the frames may not fit for everyone. So, Chose the whitening trays after checking whether they suit you or not.
These are the best of all products for whitening your teeth and are also easy to use. Swish these whitening rinses for 2-3 minutes. So, they can change the color of your teeth within a short period. But, you should repeat this process frequently to achieve white teeth.
Advantages of In-Office Whitening
- In Office Whitening methods will give you Faster Results compared to all other methods.
- It is a safe form of teeth whitening as this is done under the supervision of the doctor.
- Gum and tooth sensitivity are less in this techniques. The physician uses of desensitizers such as potassium nitrate and fluoride
Disadvantages of In-Office Whitening
- In-office bleaching is more expensive than any other alternatives. The In-Office whitening will costs you $650 on average. But, for the take home remedies, it is $400.
- In this method, you can not estimate the results. Because there are many factors which can affect this process
- It is not a permanent solution for removing stains on teeth. So, you should maintain this after treatment. Many dentists, therefore, recommend home maintenance with a low concentration bleach. So, that you can maintain whiter teeth for longer periods.
2. Over-The-Counter Teeth Whitening
As the term indicates, these teeth Whitening techniques are given over the counter with our prescription. So, the individual can get them directly from the pharmacist. Compared to the In Office treatments they are economical and also contains lower concentrations of bleach. These products are also useful but over time. For better results use as directed. Never accept any product over the counter without ADA Seal. There are many products which you can get over the counter. But, check the complete directions for usage before accepting the product from the pharmacist. Of the the most popular OTC Teeth whiteners include the following. They are
These Whitening strips resemble clear adhesive bandages. One should stick these strips to the teeth with the help of glue on the whitening strips. Leave it as such for 30 minutes each time. Repeat this twice a day for 1-2 weeks according to your requirement.
In Brush-on whitening method, one should paint the whitening gel with a brush and leave it for overnight. Early in the morning just wash your mouth with toothpaste and rinse your mouth with fresh.
The one who loves chewing gum can easily pull off this technique. But, these Whitening gums are devoid of sweeteners. So, try this new form of whitening. But, you need to chew up to eight pieces a day to see results.
You might have heard about this method. The toothpaste which contains high amounts of fluorides can act as a teeth whitener. It removes surface stains and a plaque with special chemical or polishing agents. Unlike bleaches, they do not change the actual color of teeth.
Advantages of At home teeth whitening:
- Long-term results: Dental professionals also agree that the only way to maintain your whitened teeth is with at-home bleaching products, repeated regularly. Preferably, every four to six months you should use them. Of late, many dentists and physicians are advising the people with dark stains or tetracycline-affected teeth to continue the home bleaching over a period for optimal results. The most interesting fact is that the newest teeth whitening strips available on the market are everyday use just like like brushing or flossing.
- Variety: You can enjoy the choice of whitening trays, strips or paint-on products, as well as numerous whitening accessories.
- Convenience: One can perform this home whitening at any time of the day you wish.
- Portability: It provides you the facility of using at-home whitening strips while you travel or at the office.
- Cost: All the Over-the-counter teeth whiteners price range from $4 to $100. But, in-office whitening costs an average of $650 per session.
3.Home Remedies for Teeth Whitening:
Whether you agree or not, Home Remedies are the best. This is the best whitening system for teeth. At home teeth whitening systems are safe, but the result. You can also use these quick teeth whitening tricks as mouthwashes too. The Mouthwash for whitening teeth is an easy method to get the results faster. Instead of power swabs teeth whitening techniques you can rely on these remedies and get the similar results.
Baking soda is the most popular product which is used to whiten your teeth. It is both inexpensive and efficient. It is an abrasive which removes stains on your teeth. The other name for baking soda is Sodium Bicarbonate. But, be careful to prevent damage to your enamel. So prepare this DIY teeth whitening product at home and use when necessary. Rub Baking Soda Paste to get rid of yellow teeth or start Brushing teeth with baking soda once in a while. Use this baking soda for teeth whitening effortlessly. Ust this banana peel to whiten teeth naturally. Of all the home remedies for whitening teeth instantly banana stands first.
Salt is a handy remedy which can keep your teeth away from yellow stains. Moreover, it does not possess any side effects. So, rub your teeth with salt at least twice a week. This is the best teeth whitening system which you can use daily as it is the safest method. Salt is the best product to maintain Professionally whitened teet. So, use this homemade remedy to whiten teeth
These are the most famous ingredients which can whiten your teeth naturally. Strawberries are rich in malic acid which can erase the yellow stains on your teeth. Some people suffer from a single stained tooth which looks ugly. So, such people can rub a piece of strawberry on their tooth which will give them best results. So, know how to use the strawberry fruit to clean your yellow teeth.
4. Hydrogen peroxide:
Do you know that you can use 10 hydrogen peroxide teeth whitening methods just sitting at home? Yes, it is the quickest teeth whitening at home remedy. Most of the professional treatments also contain H2O2. So, use hydrogen peroxide to whiten teeth safely. Almost all at home teeth whiteners contain this product. So, don’t empty your pocket to buy costly OTC drugs, instead use at home teeth whiteners. This can also act as best mouthwash for teeth whitening. Gargle 3% H2O2 daily to keep your teeth clean and white.
5. Oil Pulling:
The most hyped theory which is also an ancient technique in Ayurveda. There are different opinions on this theory. But, keeping them apart, there are many people who are pretty much satisfied with this process. So, know the process and try it for a week or two. There are no side effects for sure. So, Try the Coconut oil pulling as it is one of the best home teeth whiteners.
6. Activated Charcoal:
Of all home teeth whiteners, this is for sure an odd man out. Most of the people will hate it because of the fear of the deep color. But, don’t worry this Activated charcoal is a deep cleansing agent and potent adsorbant. So, it does not stain your teeth. So, use this homemade remedy to whiten teeth naturally.
Are There Any Side Effects from Teeth Whitening?
Too much of anything is good for nothing. So, do not overuse these products. Overuse of the teeth whiteners may result in tooth sensitivity. It may be temporary or permanent. This teeth sensitivity is mostly seen when the peroxide in the teeth whitener touches the soft layer of dentin & irritates the nerve of your tooth. In most cases the sensitivity is temporary. In that case, You can postpone the treatment, and once you were relieved from the pain, you can undergo the treatment. Also, don’t undergo whitening treatment too often as they can also damage the teeth enamel or gums. So, be sure about the whole process and take advice from your physician and take the precautions.
How Long Do the Results Last?
Whatever may be the teeth whitening method you choose, you will probably find that your white teeth start staining again over time. But, if you take In-Office Treatment, it usually lasts from six months to two years. But, it ultimately depends on your maintenance. So, once you get treated for this, bring out some changes to maintain the white color.
How Can I Maintain My White Smile?
For the maintenance of the same glow forever, you should change your lifestyle. Avoid the foods that stain your teeth. But, for some people, due to general health conditions they may need a touch-up whitening treatment once or twice a year.
Tips to Prevent Yellowness in Teeth:
We all know that prevention is better than cure. So, to avoid the yellow stains on teeth, we should follow some rules. Check them once and use them whenever necessary.
- Brush your teeth twice a day. Don’t skip cleaning in the night because microbial accumulation increases in the evening.
- After eating or drinking something, rinse your mouth using water to avoid the tartar in your mouth. Water will also remove the stains which are just formed after eating. So, you can remove them in initial stages.
- Replace your old toothbrush with a new one for every 45 days. If you use the same brush for an extended time, the microbial contamination increases which may lead to plaque and other problems.
Changes in lifestyle
- Start using 3% hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) to rinse your mouth at least twice a week.
- Check the quantities of dark drinks like coke, coffee because they may stain the teeth permanently.
- Whenever you drink any beverages like coffee and colored beverages, then choose a straw which will avoid glass from touching your teeth.
- Tea is rich in fluorides which can fight against oral bacteria. So, drink a cup of tea daily. But, avoid adding sugar to it.
- Eat more fibrous food which is good for your health and teeth. The fibrous food will clean your mouth and removes stains from them.
- Dark Chocolate contains Theobromine which makes your teeth strong and whitens your teeth naturally.
- Peelu plant fibers are also used as toothpaste to restore the whiteness on the teeth.
- Alcohol will dry out the mouth tissues and attracts the bacteria to clean the mouth. But this alcohol can increase the risk of oral cancer. So be careful in selecting the mouthwash, and it’s safe to use alcohol – free mouthwash.
- Use whitening strips now and then to remove the yellow stain remnants.
- Most of us love chewing gums. But, chose sugar-free gums to avoid cavities or other teeth problems.
- These days, Sugar – free gums are available in the market. So, you can use them to whiten your teeth. Xylitol is a natural sweetener which acts against bacteria and neutralizes the pH levels.
- Once in a year, visit your dentist and take teeth whitening treatments if necessary. You can also ask your dentist to clean your teeth as regular cleaning is essential for maintaining your teeth health or oral hygiene.
Avoid the following to stay away from teeth stains
- Stay away from smoking. Smoking nicotine products will permanently stain your teeth
- Avoid tobacco use, drinking red wines, other alcohol drinks, black tea, etc. because they remove whiteness on the teeth.
- Brush your teeth gently. Do not apply so much pressure on teeth as it damage enamel which leads to loss of natural shine on teeth.
- Avoid adding high quantities of sugar in your food. After taking in sweet food just rinse your mouth.
So, follow any of the given methods of Whitening your teeth. There are many natural ways which are inexpensive and can treat mild to moderate stains. But, if you have permanent stains formed due to smoking or other habits, then you should follow some chemical methods or treatment from the physician. Have a happy teeth and Flaunt your sparkling smile.